Toile de Jouy (pronounced twal duh zhwee) is a French term from the word “toile” which means cloth and “Jouy-en Josas” which is the name of a town in North Central France. Originating in the late 1700s in the French village of Jouy-en-Josas, the fabric depicts a pictorial scene in one color such as blue, green, red, or black on a white background. Depictions range from pastoral village scenes, historical narratives of life, landscape scenes, Oriental themes know as Chinoiserie incorporating human figures, buildings, birds, and plants and decorative plaques from the Renaissance period.
Today the textile known as Toile de Jouy is more commonly called toile. Toile designs are found in apparel, bedding, ceramics, dishes, fabric, tiles, and wallpaper depicting the old and modern times. Oh be joyful for Toile de Jouy!